A hymenopterous insect, the ant enters properties through cracks in brickwork and around/under windows and doors in search of a meal. It causes annoyance when found feeding on our food, often causing people to throw away products found to be infested. However, they are not known to carry disease organisms.

Bed bugs

Bed Bugs

Unlike other species of bugs, the bed bug is wingless. They were well known in ancient times in the Mediterranean area, but as they require a warm and dryish climate, they did not spread further north until the advent of heating in buildings. When this happened, their spread became relentless.

carpet beetle

Carpet Beetle

Carpet beetles are found widely throughout Europe. The varied carpet beetle is the most commonly found infesting homes, and flies readily from site to site. The adult beetle is about 3mm in length and is dark brown, mottled with white or yellowish patches.

cluster flies

Cluster Flies

There are three main species of fly collectively known as cluster flies. They are Musca autumalis, a small fly of about the same size and colour as the house fly, Pollenia rudis, a larger fly dull brown/grey in colour, and lastly Dasyhora caynella which is about house fly size and shiny green/blue in colour.



Fleas as adults are parasites on warm blooded animals, e.g. humans, cats, dogs, birds, etc. These are known as hosts. Those most commonly found in homes, hospitals and offices are cat fleas, but others (dog fleas, bird fleas, hedgehog fleas and occasionally human fleas) may also occur.



The house mouse was originally wild species, coming from the Steppes of Russia and the surrounding areas. Although it is not originally a native species, it is now common throughout rural and urban Britain. It associates itself with man in almost all his environments, but it is not found in sewer systems.



Moles are abundant throughout Britain except for Ireland, and they spend the majority of their lives below ground Their fore limbs are well-adapted for burrowing in earth, being shovel shaped and turned outwards to facilitate earth removal.



The Brown Rat is the newcomer to our shores, arriving several hundred years ago from Asia. Weighing 100 - 500 grammes, its upperparts are dark brown becoming lighter brown to grey or white. The tail is shorter than the head and body and the head and face are quite blunt in appearance.



Squirrels are well known to most of us, and are easily recognised. They can be quite prolific in their reproduction, with two breeding seasons per year. Squirrels have a surprisingly wide and varied diet, eating foods such as fruits, nuts seeds, plant and tree buds, fungi, and new shoots.



Eleven species of true wasps are found in Europe, while only two, Vespula vulgaris and Vespula germanica, can be described as widely distributed pest species. The hornet, Vespa crabro, also attracts a considerable amount of interest but is seldom sufficiently common to constitute a true pest.